Mattheus, born in 1606, is the  immigrant ancestor (at least as far as is known) of all of the
Blanshans in America. He was born in 1606 in the former province of Artois, France to Leonin
Blanchan and Isabeau LeRoy and baptised in the village of Neuville-au-Cornet in Artois.  He
married Magdeleine Joire (baptized on October 27, 1611)  from Armentieres (Remember the song
"Madamoiselle from Armentieres, Parlez Vous?") on October 15, 1633.  Magdeleine was the
daughter of Petrus (Pierre) Joire and Jacoba Le Blanc or Le Blan.  Magdeleine was baptised
Catholic (her sponsors were Bartholomeus LeBlanc and Magdalena Gruson), but Mattheus was a
Huguenot.  The Huguenots were French Protestants from the 16th and 17th centuries, many of
whom migrated to other countries due to religious persecution in France.  
    Some time before 1647, Mattheus and Magdeleine moved to England.  By 1651 they were in
Mannheim, in what is now Germany, probably persuaded to go there by the new tax laws and
provisions made to induce Huguenot merchants and manufacturers to help rebuild that territory.  In
1660, Mattheus and Magdeleine Blanshan came to America on the "Gilded Otter," arriving in New
Amsterdam (New York City) April 26 with their three children, Magdalena, Elizabeth and Matthew,
ages 12, 9, and 5. (There is still a brewpub in New Paltz, New York named after the Gilded Otter.)  
Mattheus was listed on the passenger list as an agriculturist (farmer). They arrived at Wiltwyck
before December 7,1660.
     "Riker's History of Harlem", New York, 1881 states: "Governor Stuyvesant welcomed them and
gave Blanchan a letter to Sergeant Romp at Esopus directing him to provide accommodations for
them. They arrived there and Domine Blom, also having arrived, it was a solace to pious Blanchan,
for all that he had suffered with the loss of his property in his native place and at Armentiers in
Flanders as well as elsewhere, to sit down with his family at the Lord's Supper on the ensuing
December 25th."  He was granted a Deed of Confirmation by Governor Nicholls on June 18, 1664
"for a house and lot of ground lying and being at Wiltwyck, at Esopus."  Wiltwyck is now the city of
Kingston.  He acquired considerable property at Esopus.  Sometime prior to April 25, 1663 the
family helped to establish the village  of New Dorp, which was destroyed by the Esopus Indians in
June of 1663.  (New Dorp is now the city of Hurley.)   
     "On 8 October 1666, Jan Jansen van Oosterhout conveyed to Matthew Blanchan a house and lot
in Wiltwyck [English MSS, xxii, p. 11]. On 16 October 1666, Roeloff Swartwout and Jurien Westphael
make a declaration respecting the arrival of Matthew Blanchan and family and his application for a
place to settle [N.Y. Land Papers, I., p. 12]. On 18 June 1667 there is a deed of confirmation from
Gov. Nicolls to Matthew Blanchan for a house and lot of ground at Wiltwyck, at Esopus [N.Y. Land
Papers, I., p. 21]. On 7 June 1673 there is a deed of confirmation from Gov. Lovelace to Matthew
Blanchan for 63 acres land in Hurley [N.Y. Land Papers, I., p. 51]. On 20 May 1686 there is a
description of a survey of a lot of land, of about 63 acres, part of 'Hurley great piece', on the north
side of Esopus Kill, laid out for Matthew Blanchan by Philip Welles, surveyor [N.Y. Land Papers, II., p.
186] On 11 October 1686 Matthew Blanchan had a Patent for 62 3/4 acres 36 rods land in Hurley
[English MSS, xxxiii, p. 60]. On 17 June 1697 Mathias Blanchan petitioned for a patent for 100 acres
of land, south of the Cale Bergh, in Marbletown [N.Y. Land Papers, II., p. 249]."
     The following testamentary disposition, dated 7 September 1665, is translated from Dutch:
"Before me, Mattheus Capito, appeared the worthy Mattheus Blanchan, born in the village of
Noeuville o corne in the parish de la paroise Ricame de la conte' de S: Paul in the province of Artois.
[Long religious preamble] Magdalen Joire, lawful wife, shall possess the whole estate here in
America, as long as she remains a widow, also all the land in Artois where the testator was born
and in Armentiers and other places, she to keep the three children, Magdalena, Elizabeth and
Mattheu, minors, until they reach their majority or marry. When they marry, she to act towards them
as she treated the two other married daughters, Catarinen and Marien. [After remarriage, wife to
have only one half of the property, for the purpose of bringing up the three minors.] Wife being
present, consents to these conditions." [Signed by the testator, and witnessed by Wallerand Du
Mont and Pier Nuee]
    A later will was dated 22 August 1671 and recorded 30 April 1688: "If Matthis Blanchan happens
to dy first his wife shall continue in possession of all ye Goods so long as she lives and if Magdalen
Joore happens to Deceas first her husband Matthis Blanchan shall continue in possession of ye
Goods and Estates as long as he lives and if Either of them marry hee or Shee shall deliver to ye
children ye Equall half part of ye whole Estat butt if both Matthis Blanchan and his wife happen to dy
then their son Matthis Blanchan shall have ye farme lying in Hurley with house barns and
appurtenances with four horses and four cows, and whatt Remains in Esopus and America their
children shall Equally divide Among them yt is to say Catharine Maria Magdalena Elizabeth Matthes."
[Witnessed by (Capt.) Thomas Chambers, Cornelius Barentse, Clarke, Jno Williamse, all
Magistrates of ye Court; Attestor, W. De La Montagne]
     Mattheus's married daughter Catherine, who had also come to America on the Gilded Otter, was
carried away into captivity by the Indians and was rescued months later.  Mattheus died some time
in 1687 in Kingston, Ulster, New York at about age 81.  His will was proven April 30, 1688. It is
believed he is buried on the grounds of the Dutch Church in Kingston. Ulster County is in the
Catskill Mountains.

The children of Mattheus and Magdeleine Joire Blanshan were:

Catherine Blanshan DuBois Cottin - Catherine (Catherine is also written Katryn, Catryn and
Catharine) was born October 27, 1627 at Wikres, France. She was married to Louis Du Bois, son of
Chretian Du Bois of Wikres, in the French Church at Mannheim on October 10, 1655. Louis DuBois
was born in Wikres, Artois, French Flanders, on October 21, 1626. Du Bois' family was a very
ancient, noble family of the realm. After his and Catherine's immigration to New Netherland in 1660,
he was a farmer, merchant, magistrate and leading citizen. In 1677 he helped to organize the
purchase of 40,000 acres of land from the Indians, known as the New Paltz Patent. Here he helped
to organize a church and was the first elder there. He later moved to Kingston and spent the
remainder of his life there. After his death, Catherine married Jean Cottin, the schoolmaster.  (See
Catherine Blanshan Du Bois Cottin page)

Marien (Maria) Blanshan Crispell - born 1640 in Armentiers. She married Antoin Crispel (Crespel), a
farmer, in Mannheim on January 31, 1660. Antoine was born in Sanghin-en-Weppes in 1635. Maria
and Antoin also sailed to America aboard the Gilded Otter, arriving April 27, 1660. Their children
were: Maria M. (born 1662), Peter (born 1664), Lysbet (born 1666), Lysbet (born1668), Sara (
born1671), and Jan (born 1674).  Maria died in Hurley about 1679 and Antoine married Petronella
DuMond in 1680. (See
Maria Blanshan Crispell page.)

Magdalena Blanshan - born around 1647 and baptized in Strangers Chapel, Canterbury, England
on May 16, 1647. She married Jan Matthysen Jansen (also written Tysen), son of Mattys Janse Van
Keuren of Fort Orange. Their banns were read on September 28, 1667. Magdalena and Jan had the
following children: Marregrita, born in 1668, Matthys, born in 1671, Jan, born around 1673, Thomas,
born around 1675, Hendrick born in 1679, Davit, born in 1681, Margriet born in 1684, Sara born in
1686, Catheryn born in 1688, and Maria born in 1692.  Son Matthys married Anna Elmendorp or
Elmendorf on June 7, 1695, then Rachel Popinya, and finally Annetje Maston or Marston on May 1,
1712 when Annetje was 28. (See
Magdalena Blanshan page)

Elizabeth Blanshan Louw - born around 1651. She married Pieter Cornelisse Low  or Louw, born in
Holstein, in Mannheim on October 27, 1668. Pieter came to America aboard "The Faith", arriving
February 12, 1659.  Pieter was the miller at Kingston. When Pieter died, Elizabeth married Jan
(John) Heermans in 1692. (See
Elizabeth Blanshan Louw page)

Mathieu Blanshan (Matys or Matthew Jr) - born  in Mannheim, Germany in 1655. He married
Margaret Claes Van Schoonhoven of New Albany. (See
Mathieu Blanshan page)
1606 - 1688