Mattheus (with many variant spellings), born in 1606, is the  immigrant ancestor (at least as far as is
known) of all of the Blanshans in America. He was born in 1606 in the former province of Artois,
France to Leonin Blanchan and Isabeau LeRoy and baptised in
Neuville-au-Cornet parish, Ricame
de la conte de St. Paul.
 Mattheus/Matthew's family was wealthy and of some note in Neuville-au-
Cornet.  
He married Magdeleine (also Madeleine) Joire (baptized on October 27, 1611)  from
Armentieres (Remember the song "Madamoiselle from Armentieres, Parlez Vous?") on October 15,
1633.  Magdeleine was the daughter of Petrus (Pierre) Joire and Jacoba Le Blanc or Le Blan.  
Magdeleine was bapti
zed Catholic (her sponsors were Bartholomeus LeBlanc and Magdalena
Gruson), but Mattheus was a Huguenot.   The Huguenots were French Protestants from the 16th
and 17th centuries, many of whom migrated to other countries due to religious persecution in
France.  
    As Mattheus was a religious refugee, he lost all his properties. Parish Ricame is about six miles
southeast of St. Pol sur Tournoise. Because of the Thirty Year War
which had started in 1618, they
left for England with their two daughters, Catherine and Maria. Magdelena was born at Canterbury,
England and baptized there on May 16, 1647.
Some time before 1647, Mattheus and Magdeleine moved to England.  By 1651 they were in
Mannheim, in what is now Germany, probably persuaded to go there by the new tax laws and
provisions made to induce Huguenot merchants and manufacturers to help rebuild that territory.  In
1660, Mattheus and Magdeleine Blanshan came to America on the "Gilded Otter," arriving in New
Amsterdam (New York City) April 26 with their three children, Magdalena, Elizabeth and Matthew,
ages 12, 9, and 5. (There is still a brewpub in New Paltz, New York named after the Gilded Otter.)  
Mattheus was listed on the passenger list as an agriculturist (farmer). They arrived at Wiltwyck
before December 7,1660.
"Riker's History of Harlem", New York, 1881 states: "Governor Stuyvesant welcomed them and gave
Blanchan a letter to Sergeant Romp at Esopus directing him to provide accommodations for them.
They arrived there and Domine Blom, also having arrived, it was a solace to pious Blanchan, for all
that he had suffered with the loss of his property in his native place and at Armentiers in Flanders as
well as elsewhere, to sit down with his family at the Lord's Supper on the ensuing December 25th."  
He was granted a Deed of Confirmation by Governor Nicholls on June 18, 1664 "for a house and lot
of ground lying and being at Wiltwyck, at Esopus."  Wiltwyck is now the city of Kingston.  He acquired
considerable property at Esopus.  Sometime prior to April 25, 1663 the family helped to establish
the village  of New Dorp, which was destroyed by the Esopus Indians in June of 1663.  (New Dorp is
now the city of Hurley.)   
"On 8 October 1666, Jan Jansen van Oosterhout conveyed to Matthew Blanchan a house and lot in
Wiltwyck [English MSS, xxii, p. 11]. On 16 October 1666, Roeloff Swartwout and Jurien Westphael
make a declaration respecting the arrival of Matthew Blanchan and family and his application for a
place to settle [N.Y. Land Papers, I., p. 12]. On 18 June 1667 there is a deed of confirmation from
Gov. Nicolls to Matthew Blanchan for a house and lot of ground at Wiltwyck, at Esopus [N.Y. Land
Papers, I., p. 21]. On 7 June 1673 there is a deed of confirmation from Gov. Lovelace to Matthew
Blanchan for 63 acres land in Hurley [N.Y. Land Papers, I., p. 51]. On 20 May 1686 there is a
description of a survey of a lot of land, of about 63 acres, part of 'Hurley great piece', on the north
side of Esopus Kill, laid out for Matthew Blanchan by Philip Welles, surveyor [N.Y. Land Papers, II., p.
186] On 11 October 1686 Matthew Blanchan had a Patent for 62 3/4 acres 36 rods land in Hurley
[English MSS, xxxiii, p. 60]. On 17 June 1697 Mathias Blanchan petitioned for a patent for 100 acres
of land, south of the Cale Bergh, in Marbletown [N.Y. Land Papers, II., p. 249]."

       Genealogist Anita L Dennis wrote of Mattheus/ Matthew in July, 2012 on Ancestry.com (
https:
//www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/8608909/person/6118741802/media/331c842e-d8b8-
47de-948b-ac0dc8d01fa6
)  "Matthew was a relatively wealthy farmer, a distiller and a miller.  He is
said to have been a strong-headed man who stuck to his convictions, a leader both in Mannheim
and in America.  He was a fiery gentleman who frequently appeared in the court records of the
time.  In November 1661 he appeared for Fusien Briel against Pieter Van Alen for payment for two
bushels of wheat. In 1662 he leased two oxen to Mathys Roelofson for 50 guilders to haul wood; it
took four times in court to get the oxen returned and settle a disagreement on payment.  In 1662
gossip said he had beaten a neighbor Juriaen Westvaal's pig; he demanded and got vindication of
his honor.  In 1664 he was charged with churning milk on a day of fasting and prayer, despite
claiming that he had never done so before and that he needed the milk for a calf he was fined six
guilders, half for the church."

    The following testamentary disposition, dated 7 September 1665, is translated from Dutch:
"Before me, Mattheus Capito, appeared the worthy Mattheus Blanchan, born in the village of
Noeuville o corne in the parish de la paroise Ricame de la conte' de S: Paul in the province of Artois.
[Long religious preamble] Magdalen Joire, lawful wife, shall possess the whole estate here in
America, as long as she remains a widow, also all the land in Artois where the testator was born
and in Armentiers and other places, she to keep the three children, Magdalena, Elizabeth and
Mattheu, minors, until they reach their majority or marry. When they marry, she to act towards them
as she treated the two other married daughters, Catarinen and Marien. [After remarriage, wife to
have only one half of the property, for the purpose of bringing up the three minors.] Wife being
present, consents to these conditions." [Signed by the testator, and witnessed by Wallerand Du
Mont and Pier Nuee]
A later will was dated 22 August 1671 and recorded 30 April 1688: "If Matthis Blanchan happens to
dy first his wife shall continue in possession of all ye Goods so long as she lives and if Magdalen
Joore happens to Deceas first her husband Matthis Blanchan shall continue in possession of ye
Goods and Estates as long as he lives and if Either of them marry hee or Shee shall deliver to ye
children ye Equall half part of ye whole Estat butt if both Matthis Blanchan and his wife happen to dy
then their son Matthis Blanchan shall have ye farme lying in Hurley with house barns and
appurtenances with four horses and four cows, and whatt Remains in Esopus and America their
children shall Equally divide Among them yt is to say Catharine Maria Magdalena Elizabeth Matthes."
[Witnessed by (Capt.) Thomas Chambers, Cornelius Barentse, Clarke, Jno Williamse, all
Magistrates of ye Court; Attestor, W. De La Montagne]
Mattheus's married daughter Catherine, who had also come to America on the Gilded Otter, was
carried away into captivity by the Indians and was rescued months later.  Mattheus died some time
in 1687 in Kingston, Ulster, New York at about age 81.  His will was proven April 30, 1688. It is
believed he is buried on the grounds of the Dutch Church in Kingston. Ulster County is in the
Catskill Mountains.

The children of Mattheus and Magdeleine Joire Blanshan were:

Francois Blanshan - baptized April 6, 1635 in the Roman Catholic Church of Armentieres.  His
godparents were Francoise Joire and Madeleine Blanshan.

Jean Blanshan - baptized January 12, 1637 in the Roman Catholic Church of Armentieres.
Godfather was Jean Joire.

Catherine Blanshan DuBois Cottin - Catherine (Catherine is also written Katryn, Catryn and
Catharine) was baptized December 26, 1637 in the Roman Catholic Church of Armentieres.  Her
baptism  appears clearly in the church records dated December 26, 1637: "Eodem die baptisatus
Catharina blanchan filia de Mathieu et Magdlene joire, Suscejptor Nicholaus de Saint, Suseptrix
Catherina joire." Catherine was the goddaughter and namesake of her mother's sister Catherine
Joire. She was married to Louis Du Bois, son of Chretian Du Bois of Wikres, in the French Church
at Mannheim on October 10, 1655. Louis DuBois was born in Wikres, Artois, French Flanders, on
October 21, 1626. Du Bois' family was a very ancient, noble family of the realm. After his and
Catherine's immigration to New Netherland in 1660, he was a farmer, merchant, magistrate and
leading citizen. In 1677 he helped to organize the purchase of 40,000 acres of land from the Indians,
known as the New Paltz Patent. Here he helped to organize a church and was the first elder there.
He later moved to Kingston and spent the remainder of his life there. After his death, Catherine
married Jean Cottin, the schoolmaster.  (See
Catherine Blanshan Du Bois Cottin page)

Marien (Maria) Blanshan Crispell - born 1640 in Armentiers. She married Antoin Crispel (Crespel), a
farmer, in Mannheim on January 31, 1660. Antoine was born in Sanghin-en-Weppes in 1635. Maria
and Antoin also sailed to America aboard the Gilded Otter, arriving April 27, 1660. Their children
were: Maria M. (born 1662), Peter (born 1664), Lysbet (born 1666), Lysbet (born1668), Sara (
born1671), and Jan (born 1674).  Maria died in Hurley about 1679 and Antoine married Petronella
DuMond in 1680. (See
Maria Blanshan Crispell page.)

Maximilanus (Maximillian) Blanshan - baptized  August 14, 1642 in the Roman Catholic Church of
Armentieres, Artois, France. He died young on an unknown date in Armentiers.

Nicolas Blanshan - baptized November 6, 1644 in the Roman Catholic Church of Armentieres,
Artois, France.. His Godmother was Agnes Barbey, wife of Francoise Joire, Nicolas' maternal uncle.

Magdalena Blanshan - born around 1647 and baptized in Strangers Chapel, Canterbury, England
on May 16, 1647. She married Jan Matthysen Jansen (also written Tysen), son of Mattys Janse Van
Keuren of Fort Orange. Their banns were read on September 28, 1667. Magdalena and Jan had the
following children: Marregrita, born in 1668, Matthys, born in 1671, Jan, born around 1673, Thomas,
born around 1675, Hendrick born in 1679, Davit, born in 1681, Margriet born in 1684, Sara born in
1686, Catheryn born in 1688, and Maria born in 1692.  Son Matthys married Anna Elmendorp or
Elmendorf on June 7, 1695, then Rachel Popinya, and finally Annetje Maston or Marston on May 1,
1712 when Annetje was 28. (See
Magdalena Blanshan page)

Elizabeth Blanshan Louw - born around 1651. She married Pieter Cornelisse Low  or Louw, born in
Holstein, in Mannheim on October 27, 1668. Pieter came to America aboard "The Faith", arriving
February 12, 1659.  Pieter was the miller at Kingston. When Pieter died, Elizabeth married Jan
(John) Heermans in 1692. (See
Elizabeth Blanshan Louw page)

Mathieu Blanshan (Matys or Matthew Jr) - born  in Mannheim, Baden, Germany on April 18, 1655. He
married Margaret Claes Van Schoonhoven of New Albany March 30, 1679. (See
Mathieu Blanshan
page)
MATTHEUS
BLANSHAN
1606 - 1688
LINKS

A bit about the founding of New Paltz:
http://www.hasbrouckfamily.org/founding.htm

The Story of Huguenot Street:
http://www.huguenotstreet.org/

History of New Paltz, New York: http://www.newpaltz.org/historynp.html

Ulster County Under the Dutch:  http://www.jrbooksonline.com/HTML-docs/van_buren.htm
LEONIN BLANCHAMP, father of